Mkpọaha /Aha (Noun)

Nouns usually refer to people, places or things. Review this page to learn about some ways to use nouns in the Igbo language.

 

Note: There really isn’t a way to say the word “a” or “the” in Igbo. These words are implied depending on the context of the sentence. So nwoke can mean, “man”,  “a man”, or “the man”.

 

Plurality

Unlike in English, Igbo nouns are not made plural by adding a “s” at the end. The plural form of an Igbo noun is spelled the same as its singular form.

To make nouns plural in Igbo, you can either use ụmụ or ndị.

For example…

nwanyị– woman

ụmụ nwanyị – women

Ndị Edo – Edo people

If you are addressing a group of people, you can also use the word n!

Ndewo nụ! – Hello you all!

Jisie nụ ike! – Good job you all!

 

Numbers

Another way to make an Igbo noun single or plural is to use numbers. Usually, the number one is added before the noun and other numbers come after the noun.

one wedding –   otu agbamakwụkwọ 

two weddings – agbamakwụkwọ  abụọ 

three weddings – agbamakwụkwọ atọ

For ordinal numbers, you usually place the number after the noun. For “first”, you can use mbụ. For higher numbers, you can use “nke” plus the number.

Ordinal Numbers

1st (first) wedding –  agbamakwụkwọ mbụ

2nd (second) wedding – agbamakwụkwọ nke abụọ 

3rd (third) wedding – agbamakwụkwọ nke atọ

 

Onye (someone / the one who /person /doer of )

Many titles and professions in Igbo are preceded by the word onye. Review some of the onye nouns that you may encounter in Igbo below.

artist – onye nka

farmer – onye ubi

guest – onye ọbịa

lawyer – onye ikpe 

musician/singer – onye egwu

owner – onye nwe

teacher – onye nkụzị

traveler – onye njem

worker – onye ọrụ

 

 

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