Mkpọaha /Aha (Noun)

Nouns usually refer to people, places or things. Review this page to learn about some ways to use nouns in the Igbo language.

 

Note: There really isn’t a way to say the word “a” or “the” in Igbo. These words are implied depending on the context of the sentence. So nwoke can mean, “man”,  “a man”, or “the man”.

 

Plurality

Unlike in English, Igbo nouns are not made plural by adding a “s” at the end. The plural form of an Igbo noun is spelled the same as its singular form.

To make nouns plural in Igbo, you can either use umu or ndị.

For example…

nwanyị– woman

umu nwanyị – women

Ndị Edo – Edo people

If you are addressing a group of people, you can also use the word n!

Ndewo nụ! – Hello you all!

Jisie nụ ike! – Good job you all!

 

Numbers

Another way to make an Igbo noun single or plural is to use numbers. Usually, the number one is added before the noun and other numbers come after the noun. For ordinal numbers, you usually place the number after the noun. For “first”, you can use mbu. For higher numbers, you can use “nke” plus the number.

one wedding –   otu agbamakwụkwọ 

two weddings – agbamakwụkwọ  abụọ 

three weddings – agbamakwụkwọ ato

 

Ordinal Numbers

1st (first) wedding –  agbamakwụkwọ mbu

2nd (second) wedding – agbamakwụkwọ nke abụọ 

3rd (third) wedding – agbamakwụkwọ nke ato

 

Ọnye (someone / the one who /person /doer of )

Many titles and professions in Igbo are preceded by the word ọnye. Review some of the ọnye nouns that you may encounter in Igbo below.

artist – ọnye nka

driver –   ọnye  nanya ụgbọ

farmer – ọnye ubi

guest – ọnye ọbịa

lawyer – ọnye ikpe 

musician – ọnye egwụ

owner – ọnye nwe

teacher – ọnye nkuzi

traveler – ọnye ije

worker – ọnye oru

 

 

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