Mkpọaha /Aha (Noun)
Nouns usually refer to people, places or things. Review this page to learn about some ways to use nouns in the Igbo language.
Note: There really isn’t a way to say the word “a” or “the” in Igbo. These words are implied depending on the context of the sentence. So nwoke can mean, “man”, “a man”, or “the man”.
Unlike in English, Igbo nouns are not made plural by adding a “s” at the end. The plural form of an Igbo noun is spelled the same as its singular form.
To make nouns plural in Igbo, you can either use umu or ndị.
umu nwanyị – women
Ndị Edo – Edo people
If you are addressing a group of people, you can also use the word nụ!
Ndewo nụ! – Hello you all!
Jisie nụ ike! – Good job you all!
Another way to make an Igbo noun single or plural is to use numbers. Usually, the number one is added before the noun and other numbers come after the noun. For ordinal numbers, you usually place the number after the noun. For “first”, you can use mbu. For higher numbers, you can use “nke” plus the number.
one wedding – otu agbamakwụkwọ
two weddings – agbamakwụkwọ abụọ
three weddings – agbamakwụkwọ ato
1st (first) wedding – agbamakwụkwọ mbu
2nd (second) wedding – agbamakwụkwọ nke abụọ
3rd (third) wedding – agbamakwụkwọ nke ato
Ọnye (someone / the one who /person /doer of )
Many titles and professions in Igbo are preceded by the word ọnye. Review some of the ọnye nouns that you may encounter in Igbo below.
artist – ọnye nka
driver – ọnye nanya ụgbọ
farmer – ọnye ubi
guest – ọnye ọbịa
lawyer – ọnye ikpe
musician – ọnye egwụ
owner – ọnye nwe
teacher – ọnye nkuzi
traveler – ọnye ije
worker – ọnye oru