Commonly Used Suffixes in Igbo Language

Suffixes in Igbo are usually verbs/preposition/conjunctions that you can put at the end of another verb.

Adding suffixes to the ends of your Igbo verbs usually comes in handy when the Igbo verb you are using is stripped down to its most simplest form and you need to add a suffix to the end of it to add more useful meaning. You can even combine multiple suffixes at the end of your verb depending on the meaning you want to convey. The type of suffixes you use in Igbo will depend on your dialect.

Some examples in English of changing the meaning of the verb with a “suffix”:

We will come. -> We will come again.

I speak Yoruba. -> I also speak Yoruba.

She is cooking -> She is done cooking.

Now, examples of the above in Igbo using suffixes:

Any ga-abịa. -> Any ga-abịakwasị.

Ana m asụ Yoruba. ->  Ana m asụkwa Yoruba.

O na-esi nri. -> O na-esicha nri.

 

Note: Check out the Igbo common verbs lesson to look at other verbs you can change with suffixes.

List of Commonly used Suffixes you can add to the end of your Igbo verbs:

act on (partially) – cha

again – gharia / kwasị / nwụ

against – ba/be/ do

also – kwa

at – ba/be

away – pu / pụ / ba/be / nari

be (doing the *verb*) – ba/be

break – bo

can ( do the *verb* ) – nwu / li

continually – sịsị

done – cha

down/downward – da / da ala / tu

enough/get enough (of the *verb*)/fulfilled/satisfied – juo

finish/finished – cha

first (do the *verb* first) – du

for – ta

forget (used with thinking verbs) – zọ

from – be

in place of – chi

increasing – wa

just – raa

more – nari

near – keta

on – ba/be

only – just

off – pu / p

out – pu / pụ

so much (of this *verb* that something will happen/happened) – kata

still – li / lị

stop – dụ / debe / dobe

together – kọ

to / towards – ta / kwu

up/upward – lie/ lie elu / go

used to (do the *verb*) – bu 

with – gba

 

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