Commonly Used Suffixes in Igbo Language
Suffixes in Igbo are usually verbs/preposition/conjunctions that you can put at the end of another verb.
Adding suffixes to the ends of your Igbo verbs usually comes in handy when the Igbo verb you are using is stripped down to its most simplest form and you need to add a suffix to the end of it to add more useful meaning. You can even combine multiple suffixes at the end of your verb depending on the meaning you want to convey. The type of suffixes you use in Igbo will depend on your dialect.
Some examples in English of changing the meaning of the verb with a “suffix”:
We will come. -> We will come again.
I speak Yoruba. -> I also speak Yoruba.
She is cooking -> She is done cooking.
Now, examples of the above in Igbo using suffixes:
Anyị ga-abịa. -> Anyị ga-abịakwasị.
Ana m asụ Yoruba. -> Ana m asụkwa Yoruba.
O na-esi nri. -> O na-esicha nri.
Note: Check out the Igbo common verbs lesson to look at other verbs you can change with suffixes.
List of Commonly used Suffixes you can add to the end of your Igbo verbs:
act on (partially) – cha
again – gharia / kwasị / nwụ
against – ba/be/ do
also – kwa
at – ba/be
away – pu / pụ / ba/be / nari
be (doing the *verb*) – ba/be
break – bo
can ( do the *verb* ) – nwu / li
continually – sịsị
done – cha
down/downward – da / da ala / tu
enough/get enough (of the *verb*)/fulfilled/satisfied – juo
finish/finished – cha
first (do the *verb* first) – du
for – ta
forget (used with thinking verbs) – zọ
from – be
in place of – chi
increasing – wa
just – raa
more – nari
near – keta
on – ba/be
only – just
off – pu / pụ
out – pu / pụ
so much (of this *verb* that something will happen/happened) – kata
still – li / lị
stop – dụ / debe / dobe
together – kọ
to / towards – ta / kwu
up/upward – lie/ lie elu / go
used to (do the *verb*) – bu
with – gba